Nowadays, many shiny hair care products are on the market. Shampoos are often in the foreground – as products of the chemical industry, some shampoos contain active ingredients that may cause allergies in people with sensitive skin. And even if most people actually tolerate the hair cosmetics quite well, they find it difficult to find the right one for your own hair type. The natural cosmetics offer an alternative – now everyone can find an individual solution and make his own shampoo. The task is pretty easy, as far as you can believe. Some basic rules help to make a gentle shampoo yourself. We offer recipes for different hair types.
Make shampoo yourself – What do the conventional shampoos contain?
Originally, the hair was washed with soap and water, from the 19th century, the English hairdressers already made the first shampoo with herbs and essential oils. At that time they were sold as powder. In 1927 Hans Schwarzkopf developed the first liquid shampoo. In the middle of the 20th century, the era of mass production of shampoos began with the development of the first plastic bottles. Nowadays, they are one of the most important hair care products. And while high-quality products protect and gently nourish the hair, there are always those on the market that contain allergy-causing substances. A shampoo is composed of several components, it may contain, among other things, the following active ingredients:
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (abbreviation SLS): in the past, the surfactant fulfilled an important function – namely, it allowed the hair to be cleansed. Today, its use in cosmetics is rather limited – it is considered allergenic and irritating substance.
Propylene Glycol (PG): obtained by the hydrolysis of propylene oxide, is used as an ingredient in hydraulic fluids and in many antifreezes. Since the product can attract and bind water from the environment (is therefore hygroscopic), it can dry the human skin in high concentration and therefore cause irritation.
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is used as a drug carrier in pharmacy and as a film former in the cosmetics industry. Whether he really can trigger contact dermatitis, as alleged, is not clearly proven and remains controversial.
Perfume oils: If, for example, essential oils are used as perfume, they are considered harmless to health. If they are based on phthalates, they can be absorbed through the scalp and damage your health.
In addition, shampoos contain many health-safe ingredients – Sulfosuccinic acid esters are gentle on the skin and mild, have a good foaming effect. Although various silicone-based film-forming agents are not harmful, some may leave stains on clothes that are difficult to remove afterwards. The topic for or against preservatives is very controversial. On the one hand, because of the high water content in the final product, there is the danger that shampoos without antimicrobial preservatives can not meet the minimum shelf life. On the other hand, consumers are advised against purchasing products with preservatives.
Ultimately, it depends on the product and its composition, whether and to what extent it is suitable for the specific person. That’s why it’s not always easy for most buyers to find the right one. For comparison, below is a listing of the various substances that may be considered in the manufacture of homemade shampoos.
Make shampoo yourself – active ingredients in natural cosmetics and basic recipe
If you want to make your shampoo yourself, then you need 6 important substances: olive oil soap, water, vegetable oils, xanthan gum, essential oils and herbs. The ingredients are mixed in an uncomplicated way.
Instructions for the basic recipe: first mix 1/2 cup liquid olive oil soap, 1/2 cup water, 1 teaspoon vegetable oil, then add 1/2 xanthan powder and stir. In the end, add a few drops of essential oil and stir well again. Shake the bottle before each use. Since such a shampoo has an alkaline pH and therefore can form lime soap with the water, rinsing with apple cider vinegar is recommended. In a spray bottle, mix 1: 1 apple cider vinegar and water. First wash the hair with the shampoo, then rinse well and dry with a towel. Spray the hair with the vinegar-water substance and then dry immediately. The slight smell of vinegar disappears as soon as the hair is dry.
The materials at a glance: Olive oil soap gently cleanses the hair
The olive oil soap comes from the central Spanish countryside Castile and is, as the name suggests, made from olive oil. The natural product is enriched by some manufacturers with coconut oil, jojoba oil and hemp seed oil. It contains no chemicals and thus forms the perfect basis for a skin- and hair-friendly shampoo. The soap is mixed with water – if the tap water is calcareous, you can buy distilled water instead.
Vegetable oils for daily hair care
Rich vegetable oils such as coconut oil, jojoba oil, avocado oil, walnut oil and grape seed oil make the hair shiny again and protect it against external influences – in winter against cold, in summer – from heat. This way the brittle hair can be avoided in summer. At the same time they allow moisture to penetrate the hair, so that they look healthy and well-groomed. In contrast, care products with silicone form a protective film around the hair, so that they can not absorb nutrients. The result – the originally supple hair is drying slowly.
What is xanthan?
Xanthan gum is a natural product obtained from sugary substances by using bacteria. In natural cosmetics, it is used as a compound and thickener. A shampoo without xanthan becomes unusually fluid, with xanthan, the end result is more like conventional shampoos.
Essential oils nourish hair and scatter pleasant scents all day long. They should be mixed carefully – because in a shampoo is definitely a vegetable oil as a basis, only then an essential oil can be added. The recipes below offer various combinations.
Herbs can help combat skin problems – they have antibacterial properties. Which herbs come into question depends very much on the skin and hair type.
Make shampoo yourself – recipe with aloe vera for dry hair
If you want to make a nourishing shampoo yourself for your dry hair, then you should opt for the recipe with aloe vera. Here, the water from the basic recipe (see above) is replaced by aloe vera gel. The almond oil incorporated in the shampoo intensively nourishes the hair and moisturizes. The essential oils clary sage oil and balm balm relax the senses.
Ingredients: 1/2 cup liquid olive oil soap, 1/2 cup aloe vera gel, 2 teaspoons almond oil, 6 drops of clary sage oil, 6 drops balm balm, 1/4 tsp xanthan powder. Preparation: s. Basic recipe above.
Rosemary oil cares for fine hair
Rosemary oil has long been known as a care product for fine hair. It stimulates blood circulation and contributes to healthy hair follicles. In addition, it can darken gray hair and make shades of brown more intense.
Ingredients: 1/2 cup olive oil soap, 1/2 cup rosemary infusion, 1 tsp jojoba oil, 10 drops of rosemary oil, 1/4 tsp xanthan powder. Preparation: So anyone can prepare the rosemary infusion at home – bring 1/2 cup of water to a boil, then pour over 1/2 cup of finely cut rosemary leaves, leave the leaves in the water for 15 minutes and then remove. Then follow the base recipe above.
Shampoo with beer for more volume
Hard to believe, but true – beer gives the hair volume. First, just leave a glass of beer in the fridge for 12 hours and then add 1/2 cup of olive oil soap, 1/2 cup of beer, 1 tsp of olive oil, 10 drops of hop oil, 1/4 xanthan gum powder. Mix the ingredients according to the base recipe. Make a maximum of two doses of shampoo at once – these do not last long and must be used within a week.
Peppermint stimulates hair growth
Peppermint has a very positive effect on the human body – the herb refreshes the skin and stimulates hair growth. For optimal effect you should let the shampoo work for 5 minutes and then rinse off. In the basic recipe 1/2 cup of olive oil soap is mixed with 1/2 cup of water, you can replace the water with cold mint tea anyway. Then add 1 teaspoon jojoba oil and 10 drops of peppermint oil, stir for a few minutes and add xanthan powder, stir again.
Make shampoo yourself – recipe with oranges for greasy hair
Oranges contain the natural substance limonene, which is used in the cosmetics industry as a fragrance and as a diluent for high-fat substances. Argan oil moisturizes the dry skin and has anti-inflammatory effects. Petitgrain is extracted from the orange leaves and is especially popular for its refreshing aroma. Ingredients: 1/2 cup olive oil soap, 1/2 cup water, 1 tsp argan oil, 6 drops of petitgrain oil, 6 drops of orange oil, 1/4 tsp xanthan powder. Mix the ingredients well. Shake the shampoo bottle before each use.
Tea tree oil helps against dandruff
Even the Aborigines in Australia knew the healing effect of the tea tree – at that time the leaves served as wound dressing. Today it is still known for its antibacterial effect. Also, the dandruff , which are caused by fungi from the family Pityrosporum ovale, can combat it. Ingredients: 1/2 cup olive oil soap, 1/2 cup water, 1 teaspoon argan oil, 12 drops tea tree oil, 1/4 tsp xanthan powder.
After you make the shampoo yourself, apply on the head and let it work for 5-10 minutes. Then rinse gently. Apply the shampoo at least once a week, but you will not notice the effect until after three to four weeks.
Shampoo with camomile for blonde hair
Chamomile tea lightens your hair in a natural way – for best results, you can first rinse your hair thoroughly, then sit down on the sunny terrace or on the sunny balcony, and wait for the warm sunbeams to dry your hair. Only then wash the hair with the shampoo. Then repeat the next day – chamomile tea does not lighten the hair at once, but gradually.
The recipe for shampoo also contains cold-pressed grapeseed oil – it stimulates hair growth. The bergamot is used as a raw material for many perfumes, the lime oil can also lighten the hair. Ingredients: 1/2 cup olive oil soap, 1/2 cup chamomile infusion, 1 teaspoon grapeseed oil, 5 drops of bergamot oil, 5 drops of lime oil, 1/4 tsp xantan powder. Mix the ingredients well.
Shampoo with coconut water
The coconut water is rich in vitamin D, cares for the skin and hair and provides the hair roots with moisture and nutrients. That’s why the next recipe is used – as a substitute for the hair care products that combine shampoo and conditioner in one. Allow to work for 5-10 minutes after application and then rinse thoroughly. The recipe is quite simple – 1/2 cup olive oil soap, 1/2 cup coconut water, 1 teaspoon almond oil, 10 drops of orange oil, 1/4 tsp xanthan powder. Mix the ingredients well and shake the bottle before each use.
Make shampoo yourself – more tips for hair care
Whether you have oily, dry, blond or dark hair – the first time you do a shampoo yourself and then try it, you will probably not be satisfied with the result. The hair will feel dry and not supple. This is completely normal because until then they were always surrounded by silicone substances. You can not expect miracle healing even after the first use. In fact, the hair will gradually feel softer and shinier. After a month usually ends this first phase of getting used to.
In addition, storage plays a crucial role – the home-made shampoo is guaranteed to last no longer than 2 weeks. If you make smaller amounts – for example – three cans for the coming week – then you always have fresh shampoos. It is also important to keep the shampoo cool. Preferably not in the bathroom, but eg in the kitchen. Check before each use, and if necessary, gently shake the bottle.
Even if you are very satisfied with the new shampoo, you should not forget the hair care with masks – now the hair needs nutrients, so you should nurse them at the beginning every week, and then every two weeks with a hair mask.